Pool Chemicals 101
Written by Papago Pool Service

Pool Chemicals 101

There is nothing better than going outside on a sweltering day to jump in the pool. However, as a pool owner you are responsible for comprehending how to maintain the pool to keep it safe for swimmers.

This is where understanding of pool chemistry gets in the game. From the chemicals that enter into the pool to keep the water clean and for the prevention of algae build up to comprehending how to keep your pool at correct pH levels, there is a lot that goes into pool water chemistry.

Swimming Pool Chemicals


For the prevention of pool algae, algaecides play a vital role. They could be used as an algaecide to eradicate small, solitary blooms, but a lot perform ideally as an algae-stat, to manage and prevent pool algae from growing. Pool algaecides are formulated to eradicate all algae kinds, but some manage particular types of pool algae better than some, and various algaecides will have their own way of controlling algae.

Chlorine Stabilizer

This product stabilizes pool chlorine and helps prevent chlorine loss because of the effect of the sun. Backwash and/or clean the pool filter prior to adding this product to the pool. Keep the pool water’s pH between 7.2 and 7.8.

Calcium Hardness Increaser

This product is used to increase calcium hardness in pool water. Decreased calcium hardness can cause pool water to become corrosive and could result in staining, scribing, or distortion of the swimming pool’s finish. Plaster that is etched by low calcium hardness can become coarse and discomforting for swimmers. uneven plaster increases algae issues and makes cleaning more hard.

Alkalinity Increaser

Alkalinity increaser increases total alkalinity in pool water. Reduced total alkalinity can cause pool water to be corrosive to metals and/or plaster and could result in staining, scribing or distorting of all kinds of pool surfaces. Correct alkalinity helps to prevent these problems and also stops “pH bounce” by protecting the water against large pH fluctuations. Total alkalinity in swimming pool water needs to be kept in the 80-120 range for vinyl liner pools, and in the 125-150 range for other kinds of pools.

pH Down

This product is a granulated chemical intended to slowly decrease the pH of swimming pool water. It is more safe to deal with than liquid acids like muriatic acid (hydrochloric) or sulfuric acid.

pH Increaser

pH increaser is used to increase the pH of swimming pool water. pH needs to be kept at 7.2 to 7.8 for optimal chlorine activity and ideal water quality. The model pH for vinyl lined pools is 7.6. Correct pH management is one of the most important elements of pool maintenance. An accurate swimming pool water test kit should be used for measuring pH levels.

Pool Shock

The terminology, “Shocking” is in reference to the method of adding chlorine or non-chlorine chemicals to the swimming pool water so that it increases the free-chlorine levels to where impurities like bacteria, chloramines, and algae are eradicated.


Probably the best chemical that could be used to eradicate bacteria and keep algae, viruses and other impurities from developing in the swimming pool’s water. The two most favorable kinds of sanitizers are chlorine and bromine.

Hardness Balancers

Hardness balancers keeps your pool in the model calcium hardness range of 200 – 300 ppm.

Utilize Pool Water Testing Strips or a Pool Store in Your Area

One thing to remember when using pool chemicals is you need to utilize swimming pool test strips at home or take swimming pool water sample to pool store in your area to find which chemicals you’ll be required to purchase. This can be arduous, complex, and stressful, but in today’s world, digital pool test kits are available to assist in the balancing of your pool water.

Why are pool chemicals required?

Being a swimming pool owner, it’s your duty to use the proper chemical care to keep a healthy swimming pool for anyone that wants to take a dip. Unhealthy pools can result in unhealthy problems and cause harm to people that swim in it.

Papago Pool Service Offers Affordable Pool Service In Scottsdale, Arizona

Papago Pool Service offers affordable saltwater pool service, pool service in Scottsdale or get a free pool weekly pool cleaning quote by giving us a call today at (480) 423-9333 or filling out our contact form.

Saltwater Pools vs Chlorine Pools
Written by Papago Pool Service

Saltwater Pools vs. Chlorine Pools

Equally saltwater pools and conventional chlorine kinds have impressive features. When you’re indecisive, you absolutely aren’t alone. Which characteristics of each are best suited for you?

Saltwater Swimming Pools

The biggest misconception about saltwater pools is that they contain 0% chlorine since the water comes from the ocean.

But that is simply not the case.

Saltwater pools do not even come close to oceanwater. Actually, they are not even chlorine free. Saltwater swimming pools use a technique known as “electrolysis” to produce the right amount chlorine for disinfecting the water.

Pros of saltwater swimming pools

  • Decreased chlorine levels make saltwater pools more gentle on skin and eyes. This is an ideal choice when the pool is going to be used by younger children and athletes that are play or swim for prolonged periods of time.
  • Chlorine levels in saltwater pools are strong enough for disinfecting, but aren’t enough to discolor costly swim-wear and gear.
  • Because of its natural chlorine, saltwater swimming pools necessitate fewer chemicals (and less concern) in comparison to chlorinated pools.

Cons of saltwater swimming pools

  • A saltwater pool is more costly than a conventional pool since it requires an increased initial investment.
  • In comparison to chlorinated pools, saltwater pool systems are more complicated. Each of the two, minor and major repairs will require the experienced and knowledge of a licensed, and professional pool technician.
  • Saltwater could damage. You will be required to buy underwater lighting, pool heaters, fixtures, pool liners, and masonry work particular to saltwater pools. In which could end up being for expensive when performing pool renovations.

Chlorine Swimming Pools

Chlorine pools are favorable since they are less costly to install and more easy to maintain. Unlike its saltwater equivalent, chlorine is added instead of being naturally produced.

Pros of chlorine swimming pools

  • The primary investment is less costly. A lot less costly.
  • Chlorine pools don’t use as much electricity. Saltwater pools need a specialized salt chlorine generator that converts salt into chlorine. Whereas chlorine pools simply need a pool pump (to circulate the water in the pool, in which prevents debris, bacteria, and algae from increasing in the water), and equipment for cleaning and maintenance.
  • Chlorine is pool fixture friendly.
  • A lot of chlorine pool repairs can be performed by yourself. Apart from that, finding someone to repair a chlorine pools system will not be an issue.

Cons of chlorine swimming pools

  • Chlorine is known to be rough on the skin, hair, and eyes. Swimmers need to invest in bath products that removes chlorine effectively. Chlorine also can be very damaging to any pool deck painting if you did not use the right paint or sealer.
  • Chlorine pools need constant attentiveness to eradicate excess bacteria. Meaning you are required to check on chlorine content routinely. Additionally, other chemicals like balancing agents, are required to be added regularly. Long story short, you need to budget accordingly for a chlorine pools maintenance and have someone regularly check on the pool’s chemical make-up.
  • Chlorine is required to be stored correctly. You might have to devote an exclusive area moisture free to keep the chlorine active.

Saltwater Pools vs. Chlorine Pools In Conclusion

Old school chlorine pools have been around for more than fifty years, making the thirty-ish saltwater pools a lot younger in years. The decision, nevertheless, is never obvious.

Chlorine pools require more commitment whereas saltwater pools require more up-front costs. A lot of public facilities like water parks and hotels have started to convert over to saltwater pools since they require less workers and are less costly to keep clean. But a multitude of them still advocate for their chlorine pools because of their fixture-friendly characteristics.

Papago Pool Service Offers Saltwater Pool Service In Scottsdale, Arizona

Papago Pool Service offers affordable saltwater pool service, pool service in Scottsdale or get a free pool weekly pool cleaning quote by giving us a call today at (480) 423-9333 or filling out our contact form.

Monthly Pool Service Cost Phoenix AZ
Written by Papago Pool Service

How Much Does Pool Service Cost in Phoenix, AZ?

On average, pool service in Phoenix, Arizona costs about $105, average prices ranging from $85 to $125 per month in 2019.

How Much Does Monthly Pool Service Cost in Phoenix, AZ?

The average monthly pool service cost in Phoenix is $105. The average monthly pool service cost in the Phoenix and Scottsdale area range from $85 to $125 per month. According to Brian’s Pool Care, “Average weekly pool service in Phoenix ranged from $100-$150 in 2018-2019. Bi-weekly pool service in Phoenix costs $125. Average bi-weekly pool service in Phoenix ranged from $100-$150 in 2018-2019. Monthly pool service in Phoenix costs $115″.

How Much Does Pool Repair Cost in Phoenix, AZ?

The average cost of pool repair in Phoenix is around $400. Most pool repair projects range from about $150 to $975, depending on the repair.

How Much Does One Time Pool Maintenance Cost in Phoenix, AZ?

A homeowner in Phoenix can expect to pay about $300 for one-time pool maintenance in Phoenix, Arizona according to Home Advisor’s post, Pool Cleaning Services In Phoenix, AZ.

How Much Does DIY Monthly Pool Service Cost in Phoenix, AZ?

The average cost of DIY pool service in Phoenix is about $83.

Equipment & Chemicals you will need:

  • Skimmer: about $7
  • Chlorine: about $8
  • Muriatic Acid: about $8
  • Soda Ash: about $8
  • Test Kit: about $15
  • Replacement Test Kit Solutions: about $8
  • Vacuum: about $310
  • Replacement Filter Cartridge: about $41
  • Replacement Filter Sand: about $12
  • Replacement Diatomaceous Earth (DE): about $20

Professional VS DIY Monthly Pool Cleaning Costs in Phoenix, AZ

The average cost of professional pool service in Phoenix is about $105. The average cost of DIY pool service in Phoenix is about $83. That DIY pool cleaning cost is assuming you never mess up and add too many chemicals or not enough. 1 mistake would basically put you in the same range as hiring a professional. It is always better to hire a professional pool cleaner as they will make fewer mistakes and only cost about $22 more than cleaning your pool yourself.

How Much Does Monthly Pool Service Cost in Scottsdale, AZ?

The average cost of pool service in Scottsdale is about $373 according to Manta’s post, Pool Service Costs In Scottsdale, AZ 2019.

Cost of Individual Pool Projects In Phoenix, AZ

  • Maintain a swimming pool: $233 per month
  • Repair a swimming pool: $598
  • Repair a swimming pool heater: $419
  • Build a swimming pool: $19,879
  • Install a swimming pool heater: $2,714
  • Install an in-ground pool: $48,516
  • Repair a hot tub: $2,320
  • Get a building permit: $1,119
  • Build a swimming pool enclosure: $9,776
  • Install a hot tub: $316
  • Remodel a swimming pool: $8, 173
  • Install, Repair, or replacement Vinyl pool liner: $2,066
  • Excavate land: $3,061
  • Repair a pool enclosure: $853
  • Install swimming pool covers and accessories: $1,413
  • Install an above ground pool: $2,146
  • Install a fiberglass pool: $27,634
  • Repair a sauna: $364

Watch monthly pool service costs in Arizona on YouTube.

Find Pool Service Near Me in Phoenix & Scottsdale In Scottsdale, AZ?

If you are searching for “pool service near me” – Papago Pool Service can help! Let the professional pool techs at Papago Pool Service handle all your pool service in Scottsdale and Phoenix. Our pool cleaning prices are affordable and we get the job done right every single month. We also offer salt water pool service.

How to turn a green pool clear fast 2019
Written by Papago Pool Service

How To Turn A Green Pool Clear Fast 2019

If you are searching for how to clear up a green pool fast, this post should help!

Do you need a faster way to change your green pool into a clear pool? If you answered yes, then you are in luck and Papago Pools is more than happy to help! This list of 10 steps to make a green pool into a sparkling clear pool fast for 2019! Just to be clear fast is not instant you should expect results within just 4 or 5 days. Regardless of if you use expert pool cleaners, you should expect it to take 4 or 5 days to change a green pool into a clear pool. Regular pool maintenance is the only solution to ensure that your pool water stays clear any time of the year. It is best to perform once a week or twice a month pool service and professional maintenance to continuously clean your pool. By regularly maintaining your pool you eliminate the chance for your pool to turn green in the beginning.

Standard Cost for Pool Cleaning Experts VS DIY Pool Cleaning

Cost Helper Home & Garden posted, “Once a week pool cleaners cost $75-$165 per month, based on four visits. Do-it-yourself pool cleaning runs $20-$100 per month for chemicals during the summer after initial purchase of pool tools including a vacuum head and hose from $50, and a maintenance kit with a wall brush, leaf skimmer, test kits and telescopic pole for around $60

Those are for standard pool cleaning and maintenance costs. This is not an accurate estimate to restore a neglected pool with green water full of algae expect to pay between $100 and $200 to restore your pool to crystal clear quality.

Just follow our step-by-step guide for easy green pool water cleaning


Step 1 – Remove Large Pieces of Debris:

This means removing any branches or leaves with a leaf net. Instead of using a skimmer this way you do not do anything to stir up the water and spread bacteria. If you use a skimmer you will mix up dirty water and make things worse. Try to remove large chunks of debris carefully as to not stir up the water more than necessary.

CAUTION– Do not vacuum the pool if you cannot see the pool bottom! This can clog your filtration system causing damage to filters, vacuums and any plumbing located underground including pool skimmers and pipes.

Step 2 – Pool Chemical Levels:

Start by testing the pool water’s pH levels and alkalinity by using, pH test strips, Alkalinity Plus, and pH balancers. Chemical levels for your pool need to be within 7.3 to 7.7 pH depending on the finish of your pool in order for the water to fully become clear.

Additional Resources for Adjusting Pool Chemical Levels:

Pool Chemical Levels For Dummies

Pool Water Balancing

Step 3 – Shocking The Pool Water:

When you “shock” your swimming pool you are basically over-chlorinating the pool water. Simply put, you increase chlorine levels by adding in 3-5 times the normal amount of chlorine. This aids in killing off the algae and bacteria causing your pool water to turn green. All pool owners need to become skilled in the water shocking process since this is a part of regular pool maintenance. To make things easier we have included a few additional resources on shocking your pool. Visit our article Why is My Pool Still Green After Shocking? and wikiHow’s article, “How To Shock Your Swimming Pool” for a more thorough explanation on pool shocking.

Step 4 – Let The Filter run:

After shocking the poll use a combination of backwashing and filtering to get rid of your green pool water plus any contaminants that may still remain. Do not just have the pool filter running without properly backwashing it! Cloudy algae infested pool water can quickly gunk up a pool filter and cause a clog. Do not worry about backwashing too much since this is exactly the same thing a pool professional would do in order to clean your green pool. You cannot backwash too often! The more you filter your pool water then backwash, the quicker your green pool will turn clear. For diatomaceous earth pool filters, be sure to add new diatomaceous earth to the skimmer as soon as you can to properly the filter after backwashing. Continue to run your pool filter for a minimum of 24 along with backwashing the pool filter 3 or 4 times throughout the day for quicker results. Diatomaceous earth filters can clean a green pool up to 50% sooner than regular sand filters.

Further Reading About Pool Sand Filtering & DE Filtering: We highly recommend this great how-to article on backwashing a pool sand filter, How To Backwash a Sand Filter.

We have also included additional resources from the same company on how to properly clean your pool DE Filter, How To Clean Your DE Filter.

Additional Resources For Pool Vacuuming:

If you do not use a pool vacuum, read this additional resource for creating a homemade pool vacuum, How To Make a Handheld Pool Vacuum.

Step 5 – Pool Still Not Clearing Up After 5 Days?

Hopefully, you have followed all the steps properly and your pool water is beginning to clear up within four or five days. However, if your pool water is still cloudy or green it is best to call an expert to repair your pool filtration system properly to ensure no further damage occurs.

You can view this forum post Trouble Free Pool Forum for additional questions like: “Have been shocking for 10 days now…Green Pool won’t clear up? 10 days ago our pool was a nice thick green. Now, it’s no longer green, it’s just cloudy. I can see about 3-4 feet down. What do I do?”. Another user answered, “Your almost there! Keep brushing and shocking! You need to be able to hold FC(free chlorine) overnight, or lose very little(.5-1)! It was green so there is lots to eat away. Keep cleaning the dead stuff up!”.

If all the steps have been properly followed and the pool water is still cloudy or green it is time to call the pros at Papago Pool. This will save you additional time as well as money since our experienced pool specialist will provide a helpful explanation for the green pool water as well as the correct chemicals to fix the issues! We have over twenty years of professional pool cleaning experience serving the Phoenix area.

Step 6 – Swimming Pool Aftercare

After the water has been returned to a clear finish, you may notice that there is remaining debris on the pool floor (dead plant material, dead leaves, dead algae, etc). If you only have a small amount of debris on the pool floor a skimmer can be used to scoop out debris or use your pool filtration systems as well as a vacuum and let it clean the rest. However, if there are larger items of debris like branches or small animals that cannot be scooped up or vacuumed out, consider using a pool specialist to have your pool professionally cleaned and vacuumed. This will avoid unnecessary wear and tear on your pool filter as well as pipes connected to your pool.

Step 7 – Cleaning A Green Pool Video

If need additional help or just need a step by step guide with visuals, we have included this helpful YouTube video that explains all the steps in the correct order, along with what products and pool chemicals to buy.

Step 8 – Pool Chemicals & Cleaning Products

When you are buying pool chemicals and cleaning products to clear up your green pool it is best to have your pool water tested by a local swimming pool supply store as well. Stores have special machines to provide a more accurate read of pool chemical levels and they can recommend which items out of the list below you will need. Also, we have included links from Google shopping plus a list of common categories of pool supplies below.

Step 9 – Do Your Research for Pool Care

For further reading check out “How Your Pool Pump & Filter Work” for more information about pool filtering systems and pool pumps. We also have gathered a small list of blog posts and articles so you can continue to maintain your pool all year and make sure your pool never turns “green” again.

Extra Pool Maintenance Articles:

Pool Chemical Levels For Dummies

Pool Water Balancing

How To Backwash a Sand Filter

How To Clean Your DE Filter

Cleaning Up After A Storm

How To Make a Handheld Pool Vacuum

Step 10 – Enjoy Your Clear Pool

If done properly your pool should now be ready for you to jump in, and if it isn’t you can contact Papago Pools to have a professional pool service assist you. We hope you learned something with “How To Turn A Green Pool Clear Fast 2019”, keep following us for the continued informational pool maintenance, cleaning, and tips from Papago Pools.

To ensure you are following all of the correct steps to keep your pool crystal clear you can view our Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist or download the Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist PDF.

Papago Pool Service Offers Pool Service In Scottsdale, Arizona

Papago Pool Service offers affordable pool service in Scottsdale or get a free pool weekly pool cleaning quote by giving us a call today at (480) 423-9333 or filling out our contact form. We also offer saltwater pool service.

Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist
Written by Papago Pool Service

Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist

If you are looking for a swimming pool maintenance checklist, this post should help! Download the Swimming Pool Maintenance Guide PDF

 Opening Your Pool Checklist

  • Clean, and remove the pool cover for future storage
  • Vacuum all pool areas
  • Clean surrounding pool area
  • Check pool accessories and safety features ladder, gates, diving board, plugs, drain, filter system, skimmers, diving boards
  • Adjust water level to the recommended height of 1” (25mm) per hour
  • Evaluate of water chemistry PH levels, Alkalinity, Calcium Hardness
  • Brush pool bottom and sides to loosen any dirt then vacuum pool
  • Remove debris from basket and skimmer system
  • Check and lubricate fittings like o-rings, plugs
  • If necessary take pool water sample for technical analysis
  • Vacuum pool bottom and remove debris with a skimmer
  • If necessary backwash filter
  • Realign pool water PH with shock and stabilizers
  • Continue maintenance upkeep routine
  • If necessary add algaecide

Weekly Pool Maintenance Checklist

  • Use leaf scoop to remove debris on the bottom of your pool
  • Adjust pool sanitizer levels by adding chlorine
  • Ensure the water level is correct for the pump system
  • Adjust pool chemical levels using test kits
  • Perform visual inspection of pool water to ensure color, clarity, and visible debris
  • Remove organic debris
  • Add pool shock to ensure pool does not turn green and remove contaminants
  • Adjust pool chemistry pH, alkalinity, calcium hardness
    • Only adjust pH levels once a week.
    • pH should range between 7.3 – 7.7 depending upon the pool finish. pH levels should be adjusted to increase or decrease until they are in the right levels.
    • To increase pH levels use a pH increaser like sodium carbonate. To decrease pH levels use a pH decreaser like sodium bicarbonate.
  • Test bromine and chlorine levels:
    • Free chlorine levels should range between 1-3 ppm
    • Free bromine levels should range between 3-5 ppm
  • Adjust Alkalinity levels
  • Adjust Stabilizer and Oxidizer levels
  • If necessary backwash pool filter and check pressure
  • Adjust water level to the recommended height of 1” (25mm) per hour
  • If necessary adjust pool chemicals to prevent algae

Monthly Pool Maintenance Checklist:

  • Test pool chemistry make up
  • Adjust for pH level and dissolved solid levels
  • Pool alkalinity should range between 120-150 ppm
  • Add chemicals to the filter as needed
  • Calculate (LSI) Langlier Saturation Index as necessary
  • Evaluate salt levels if you own a saltwater pool
  • Check pool liner for tears or damage
  • Depending on the pool finish check for damage like cracks or leaks.
  • Evaluate seals for pool pump and motor.
  • Evaluate the integrity of pool safety equipment.

Closing a Pool Checklist:

  • Check pool chemistry to evaluate levels
    • pH should range between 7.3 – 7.7 depending upon the pool finish.
    • Total Alkalinity Should Be: 80 – 120 (ppm) parts per million
    • Calcium Hardness Should Be: 180 – 220 ppm
  • Run the pool filter for a minimum of 24 to 48 hours
  • Remove external pool accessories like ladders, skimmers, or solar blankets
  • Lower pool water level to 6” or (150mm) below the 1” or (25mm) per hour level
  • Drain all filtering, pumping, sanitizing, and equipment to avoid damage caused by freezing
  • Lubricate any seals, rings, and plugs as well as springs to make spring maintenance easier
  • Perform complete pool cleaning and inspection
  • Clearwater from any plug the lines using expansion plugs
  • Winterizing by adding algaecide agent
  • Use a tight pool cover

Like this swimming pool maintenance guide. Download the Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist PDF

For even more checklists, check out: Beginners Guide To Swimming Pool Maintenance

Papago Pool Service Offers Pool Service In Scottsdale, Arizona

Papago Pool Service offers affordable pool service in Scottsdale or get a free pool weekly pool cleaning quote by giving us a call today at (480) 423-9333 or filling out our contact form. We also offer saltwater pool service.

Written by Papago Pool Service

Why Is My Pool Still Green After Shocking?

If you are searching for “why is my pool green“, “cloudy pool water“, “I shocked my pool why is it green“, or “green pool water“, this post should help!

These are some of the most common questions we get from our customers.

My pool has been shocked, why is it still cloudy?

My pool has been shocked, why is it still green?

Did I use enough shock? How much shock should I add to the pool?

If I don’t use bleach will my pool become green?

Is my pool being filtered enough? How long should I use the pump for?

Chemical composition of a clear water pool

In order for a pool to look clear and not cloudy, there will be several factors that need to be checked.

pH level – pH levels range between 0 (most acidic) and 14  (most basic) with 7 being neutral. Pool experts recommend a pH of 7.2 and 7.8 for everyday usage.

Proper alkalinity – Alkalinity is different than your pH level and measures the water’s ability to resist change in pH levels making it easier for pH and chlorine ranges easier to stabilize.

Chlorine levels – If chlorine levels are left unchecked algae can overtake the pool water making it cloudy.

Calcium Hardness – A high calcium level will make it harder to dissolve the calcium in the water entirely and may possibly clog your pool filter.

My pool has been shocked why is it still cloudy?

Shock can be a great resource to clean up a pool with dirty water, but it is recommended to wait 18 hours before evaluating the clarity of the pool. If the pool water is still cloudy after 24 hours consider adding a pool clarifier and using your pool filter to remove remaining settlements.

If the pool water is still cloudy after waiting 24 hours and adding a clarifier it is best to evaluate the pool filter and make sure it does not need to replaced or that the filtration system needs maintenance.

My pool has been shocked why is it still green?

When pool chemicals are not properly maintained it is easy for pH levels to get out of whack quickly leading to a green pool. If you have already shocked your pool and taken pH level samples you may still need to add stabilizers or phosphate removers.

A stabilizer also is known as cyanuric acid can increase chlorine levels over time until chlorine is unable to kill off algae.

Phosphates cause algae to grow in your pool and can be brought to the water through organic particles like leaves or bugs. Since the phosphate is basically fueling the growth of algae, a phosphate remover needs to be used in order to cut off the food supply and stop algae from growing.

Did I use enough shock? How much shock should I add to the pool?

When a pool is “shocked” essentially what happens is that liquid or tablets of chlorine are added to make the pool water “super-chlorinated”. For most common residential pools 10 gallons of liquid chlorine or 5 pounds of granular chlorine to shock the pool properly. This choice can be determined by the type of filter system your pool uses since the liquid chlorine is better for sand or cartridge filters, but granular is best for a diatomaceous earth filter.

If I don’t use bleach will my pool become green?

Another common question we hear from our customers is if chlorine is required to keep my water from turning green. Simply answered YES YOU NEED CHLORINE! the reason for this is because a sanitizing agent needs to be used to kill algae as well as bacteria.

Is my pool being filtered enough? How long should I use the pump for?

A pool filter should run continuously for 24 hours after a shock treatment has been added to help remove the cloudiness. If everything works properly and the cloudiness of the pool is reduced so the water is now clear, this is when you would determine how long to run a filter. The length will be determined by outside temperate and the turnover rate of the pool pump.

Since algae grow faster during warmer temperatures a pump will need to run longer during summer months and shorter during winter months when the algae grow slower. Regardless of the season pool water should still be filtered even if it is not being used.

The turnover rate is a measurement of how long it takes for the circulation system to move all of the water in the pool through filter equipment. These can be affected by the size of the pool as well as the gallons per minute rating of your pool pump.

Papago Pool Service Offers Pool Service In Scottsdale, Arizona

Learn more about pool service in Scottsdale or get a free pool cleaning quote by giving us a call today at (480) 423-9333 or filling out our contact form. We also offer saltwater pool service.

Pool Repair Cost
Written by Papago Pool Service

How Much Does Pool Repair Cost?

The average cost of pool repair is about $556 in the US for 2019. Pool repair costs range from $221 to $959 according to data provided by 3,299 homeowners on HomeAdvisor. One of the most common pool repairs is a replacing a pool motor, as pool motors go out after 6 years or so. Replacing a pool motor will cost you about $675 with low costs around $550 and high costs around $800.

Written by Papago Pool Service

Saltwater Pool Maintenance 101 For Dummies

If you are searching for “saltwater pool maitenance“, “salt water pool maintenance for dummies” or “saltwater pool maintenance 101“, this post should help!

There are a lot of benefits to be had from a saltwater pool. These benefits include a lower cost of operating, no chlorinates to deal with, and softer water. However, there are a lot of people who are under the impression that a saltwater pool is maintenance free. A saltwater pool will require less maintenance, but the truth still stands that in order to keep and maintain a stable pool your saltwater pool will require some maintaining.

Step #1.

The pool water should be tested on a weekly basis to make sure the chlorine and pH are balanced. There are two different options for testing the water, by using a dropper test kit or testing strips. Take note that the chlorine level needs to be between 1–3 ppm. There is a place on the output control where the chlorine can be adjusted, or it might be on the control box cell. Your pool’s pH needs to be maintained to stay at 7.2-7.6. If it should need to be lowered you can use muriatic acid, and another way is to raise it with soda ash or some sodium bicarbonate. If you are wanting the specifics for your pool’s levels, check out your owner’s manual.

Step #2.

Your pool’s water should be tested every month for its contents of sale, stabilizer, alkalinity, and calcium. There are test strips to use for testing for these or another option is using a drop test kit. You would need to review the owner’s manual to get the specific and ideal levels and for making adjustments when needed. Most of the salt chlorinator these days gives a display of the salt reading. Still, its good practice for you to conduct salt testing to make sure your salt chlorinator does not require recalibrating.

Step #3.

For maintaining the best performance, cells are suggested to be inspected visually at least once every three months. Many of the salt chlorinates have an inspect cell light which can be located on the control box, which lets you now by flashing. After removing, the inside of the cell can be inspected to see if it has a buildup of scale or some other types of debris that got pass the bypass filter. If it does not show any visible deposits, go ahead and reinstall. Should there be deposits showing, using a high-pressurized hose, try flushing off the scale. Should this not work, try using a wood or plastic tool (not metal) to scrape deposits from the plates. I by chance, neither of these methods does not work, a mild acid wash may be necessary. You will need to see the owner’s manual for the instruction for this. Many of the manufacturers are suggesting a 4:1 ratio of muriatic acid and water (1-quart of acid to 1-gallon of water). Remember, it is important that the acid is added to water, never add water to acid.

This solution needs to be poured into the container so that it reaches the cell’s top, but under the cable. There may be some that needs to be taken out from the cell. Allow several minutes for the cell to soak in the solution, then rinse it off with using an outside hose. After it has been cleaned, reinstall.

Step #4.

Always keep your pool’s skimmer, pump, and filter clean. If the skimmer, pump, or the filter collects debris, the water flow will be reduced drastically. With the reduced water flow, the chlorine is no longer generated by a salt chlorinator.

Step #5.

It is recommended by many manufacturers that salt cells and flow switches be taken out and put in a storage away from the elements when winterizing the sale chlorinator. You can purchase dummy cells to replace the real salt throughout the winter months. However, the control box can remain installed as it is able to withstand the freezing temperatures. In the warmer climate, and wintering is not an issue, the pump can be running continuously should there be an unexpected freeze.

Find Pool Service Near Me in Phoenix & Scottsdale In Scottsdale, AZ?

If you are searching for “pool service near me” – Papago Pool Service can help! Let the professional pool techs at Papago Pool Service handle all your pool service in Scottsdale and Phoenix. Our pool cleaning prices are affordable and we get the job done right every single month. We also offer salt water pool service.

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How To Lower Pool Water Level For In-Ground Pools

If you are looking for “how to lower pool water level” of your in-ground swimming pool, this guide should help!

You may find that heavy rain has raised the water level of your in-ground pool and needs some removed to avoid subsequent damage and overflow to surrounding foliage, or even the deck. Another reason for removing water is accidentally leaving the hose running and overfilling, or preparing your pool for the winter season. The water level may be lowered by the filter’s multi-port or a drainage spigot on the pump, if the pool is equipped with either. However, if these are not available a submersible pump can be used, or a garden hose can be used for siphoning the water.

Heavy rain is able to dangerously increase pool water levels.

How to Use Backwashing to Lower Pool Water Level (Most Popular Approach)

If you use a DE or sand filter in the pool, it will be equipped with a multiport valve. This can be used for backwashing the filter when it becomes dirty. There are two settings that can be used on the valve, Backwash or Waste, for draining pool water. Both of these settings will allow water out through the drain port. The difference is that ‘Waste’ allows water to bypass the filter, and ‘Backwash’ sends water to the filter going backwards (helping to clean it at the same time). If your filter needs cleaning, using the Backwash setting to drain the pool is best.

Step 1

The first step is to turn off your pool pump prior to changing the valve handle, this will avoid any potential damages to plumbing or valves. To ensure full safety, the pump should be unplugged or disconnected power from the circuit breaker.

Step 2

During normal operations, the filter is likely in the FILTER setting. Move the multiport valve handle to the BACKWASH setting by depressing it first. Ensure the handle is fully depressed prior to moving to avoid potential damage to the multiport valve seal.

Step 3

Ensure the WASTE hose has been placed where you want water drained too.

Step 4

Return power to the pool pump, running it for at least 2 minutes. You will notice the water changes from cloudy to clear within the sight glass located on the valve’s side.

Step 5

Turn power to the pool pump OFF.

Step 6

Ensure the multiport valve handle is fully depressed and change it to the RINSE setting. Once the backwashing has been completed, sand will be loose within the filter and needs resetting. This step also allows any dirty water remaining from the backwash to be rinsed from the filter, avoiding it being put back into the pool.

Step 7

Turn power to pool pump back ON, running the filter for 1-2 minutes on RINSE.

Step 8

Turn power to pool pump back OFF, fully depressing the multiport valve handle return to FILTER setting.

Step 9

Turn power to pool pump back ON. Begin operation as normal. Make sure pressure dropped between 8 to 10 psi from where it was prior to the backwashing by reviewing the pressure gauge.

How to Use Pump Drain Plug

Pools that have cartridge filters will not require a multiport valve as the cartridge is removable for cleaning. However, the pool pump may be equipped with a drainage spigot. If your pool has this setup, it should be located between the filter and pump. Simply connect a garden hose to your drainage spigot, open flow and let the water drain out.

How to Use a Submersible Pump

Submersible pumps are built to work when under the water, and there’s a chance you may already have one for keeping the cover dry during winter months. To use it, you just attach a drainage hose on the pump, place the pump in the pool, and allow it to sink to the bottom. Then, connect power to the pump and it will do the rest by pumping water though the hose. Be sure the hose is where placed where you want the water to drain. If a multiport valve or spigot is not available, use this method.

Siphoning Pool Water

If you’re in a pinch, water can be drained by using a garden hose to siphon the water out. All you have to do is place the other end under pool water, ensuring it remains submerged. The other end should be at lower elevation.

To begin the siphon process, you have to build negative pressure within the hose to begin the flow. Sometimes, this can be done by quickly dropping the lower end of the hose. However, a common method is sucking the end to build negative pressure.

Not big on the idea of sucking water from the garden hose? You can also fill the garden hose with water, then attach a nozzle on the end. Place the open end into the pool water, then take the nozzle end to the drain location, and unscrew the nozzle. Because the water filling the hose creates a flow, it will make the negative pressure needed for starting the drainage process.

Responsibly Drain Water

When lowering pool water levels, it can be a bunch of water. For a 20ft x 20ft pool, draining only 4-inches will be nearly 1,000 gallons. If not properly drained, it can create flooding issues for both you and neighbors. To avoid these type of issues, ensure water is draining into a sewer or the street. If you’re located in the country, simply look for a natural drainage path to safely carry water off.

Tips to Winterize The Pool

If the reason you are draining the pool is to prepare for winter, below are some things to keep in mind:

  • Let chlorine levels fall under 1ppm prior to draining the pool. This helps prevent chlorine being introduced to the environment. Once draining is finished, the pH level should be balanced, while more chlorine is added to return the level back between 1-3ppm.
  • If the pool liner is vinyl, avoid draining it completely. You can loosen the liner this way, with potential of cracking during cold weather. If the pool has a tile or gunite liner, and the pool will be covered with a solid cover or tarp, the water only needs drained just under the skimmer level. Ensure to add a pump on the cover to ensure it remains drained during winter.
  • After water level is lowered under the skimmer, turn on your pump for several minutes to allow the pipes to drain.
  • Do not allow pool lights to be partially covered with the water, as it can result in the lights breaking when being froze during winter. Pool lights should be fully submerged or fully exposed.

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If you are looking for pool cleaning services in Scottsdale, Arizona, Papago Pool Service can help! Get a free pool maintenance estimate by contacting us today!

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Common Swimming Pool Problems & Solutions

If you are looking for common swimming pool problems and solutions, this post should help.

The air bleeder or air relief valve is located on top of your filter and is used to let air escape and let the tank fill up with water. It is vital that you open the air bleeder before you restart your motor. The force from the water may compress the air and cause pressure which may damage your equipment.

Common Valve issues and solutions:

  1. The air valve will not open.

Solution: The unit will need to be disassembled and lubricated.

  1. The valve is opening but nothing is coming out.

Solution: The passage may be clogged and will need to be disassembled and unclogged.

  1. Water keeps squirting out whenever its closed.

Solution: The rubber seal ring inside is missing or damaged and will need to be replaced.

Backwash is when you run water through your filter in reverse to flush the filter of contaminants and debris, which frees the filter to become less restricted so water can pass through the filter easily and collect debris more efficiently.

Pool Pump issues and solutions:

  1. No water is coming out of the pipe.

Solution: The pump needs to be primed.

  1. The water flow hasn’t increased since backwash, and the tank pressure is a bit high.

Solution: More backwashing will be needed. Ensure that your lint and hair strainer is cleaned before you backwash.

The cartridge is an element within the filter that is covered with fabric that strains contaminants and debris from water that flows through it.

Pool Filter issues and solutions:

  1. The fabric is ripped and allows dirty water to flow through.

Solution: The filter needs to be replaced.

  1. The filter is clogged and needs to be cleaned.

Solution: Remove the cartridge, replace it with a clean set and soak in degreaser or rinse with a pressure wash.

Caulking is material that is used in joints to create a waterproof seal.

Green Pool Water Problems & Solutions

  1. Green Pool Water

Green pool water is one of the most common pool problems there is. Algae in your pool water builds up and without proper maintenance will start turning your swimming pool water green. Most algae growth is due to low chlorine levels or an improper pH balance.

Solution: You can get a pool service professional to perform a shock treatment to your pool water that will slowly remove the algae and get your water clear again.

Common Joint issues and solutions:

  1. There is splitting on joint sides, and there are holes where it was applied to thin. This causes water to get into the joint.

Solution: Remove the old caulking, clean the joint and tape the sides, apply new caulking and strike to smooth out the finish and pull the tape. Correct anything by hand with a release agent and allow the caulking to dry.

Centrifugal force is the outward force that can be created by an object in a circular motion. This is the force that is create by water pumps to move water.

Common Tubing issues and solutions:

  1. The tubing is split or cracked which allows air to disrupt the suction or chlorine to leak.

Solution: Find the leak and shorten the tubing to remove the leak which is common at ends of tubing or replace the tubing.

  1. The injection fitting has become clogged.

Solution: clean or replace the injector.

  1. The strainer is clogged.

Solution: Clean or replace the strainer.

  1. The pump tube is worn out.

Solution: Replace the pump tube assembly.

The circulation system is a combination of pump, filter, pipes, and other components which allows water to flow through.

Common Prime issues and solutions:

  1. Loss of prime.

Solution: learn the system needs. Depending on system designs and the equipment, there may be different procedures. Refer to the pool chart.

  1. The filter is clogged.

Solution: change or backwash the cartridges.

  1. The strainer is clogged.

Solution: clean the strainer before a backwash.

The coping is the cap stone on the edge of a spa or pool mounted on a bond beam.

Common Crack issues and solutions:

  1. Delaminating or hollow at the bonding surface.

Solution: reset the stone by removing the stone surface and reapplying fresh mortar. You can also replace the stone.

Solution: You can repair the crack with epoxy or mortar. This is just a temporary fix to ensure a safe, smooth surface. If it is really poor condition, replacement may be needed.

Discharge is the flow of water out of a port or pipe.

Pool Water Leak issues and solutions:

  1. A water leak.

Solution: The PVC fittings and pipe need to be removed and replaced to reseal the threaded discharge. This is a repair normally done by a repair technician. If the discharge has bolted flanges, there will be a rubber gasket that makes the seal and it may just need to be tightened.

The effluent is the water being discharged from your equipment or pipe.

The erosion system is a chemical feeder that a tablet sanitizer is placed in to slowly dissolve by constant flowing water through the device.

Need Pool Repair In The Scottsdale Area?

Papago Pool Service offers pool repair services Scottsdale, Arizona. If you are experiencing problems with your pool, give Papago Pool Service a call today at (480) 423-9333 or visit our contact page to receive a free pool repair quote. If your are looking for pool service in Scottsdale, we can handle that too!

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